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Distance: Early rail distance measurements are recorded in miles, chains and links. There are 80 chains per mile and 100 links per chain. A mile is approximately 1.61 kilometres, a chain is approximately 20.12 metres and a link is approximately 200mm. Various Railway Departments used there own references but Marker Post references are generally taken as relative to a location close to Spencer Street Station which is now called Southern Cross.
Direction: The travelling direction to Melbourne is the Up direction. The Up side of the line, or the Up rail, is the left side or rail when travelling in the Up direction. Conversely, the travelling direction away from Melbourne is the Down direction. The Down side of the line, or the Down rail, is the left side or rail when travelling in the Down direction.
Heathcote Junction. The line of interest branches at the left. Image supplied by David Watson.
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